08 NOV




World Energy Council’s 2016 Energy Trilemma Index ranks countries’ energy sustainability in 125 countries around the world and Denmark in #1 of the index.


Every year, The World Energy Council’s Energy Sustainability Report ranks the sustainability of energy systems in 125 countries. The World Energy Council’s definition of energy sustainability is based on three core dimensions: energy security, energy equity, and environmental sustainability. Balancing these three goals constitutes a ‘trilemma’ and is the basis for prosperity and competitiveness of individual countries.


Among the countries included in the Index, access to electricity and clean cooking have both increased by 5% to 85% and 74%, respectively since 2000. Meanwhile, cleaner forms of energy are being used to support energy access and economic growth, with renewables making up 9.7% of total primary energy consumption in 2015. A more diversified and low-carbon energy mix will help to improve energy security and environmental sustainability but its positive effects may be stifled by rising energy consumption, which is predicted to increase by up to 46% by 2060.


This year Denmark, Switzerland and Sweden top the Index, with Denmark also achieving the highest score for energy security. While not in the top 10 overall, Luxembourg maintains its position for most equitable (affordable and accessible) and the Philippines is leading the way on the environmental sustainability dimension. In Latin America, Uruguay ranks the highest, while in the Middle East, Israel outperforms its regional peers. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Mauritius performs best, and in Asia, New Zealand remains at the top of the regional leader board.



1. Denmark

2. Switzerland

3. Sweden

4. Netherlands

5. Germany

6. France

7. Norway

8. Finland

9. New Zealand

10. Austria


Read the full report


Use the interactive Trilemma Index Tool and its Pathway Calculator

The calculator can be used to find out more about countries’ trilemma performance and what it takes to build a sustainable energy system. The Pathway Calculator, developed by the World Energy Council in partnership with Oliver Wyman, can be accessed here


Flere oplysninger: Leif Sønderberg, generalsekretær, WEC Danmark. Telefon 2421 3832,







World Energy Council arbejder for at sikre bæredygtig energi til hele verdens befolkning

Præsident Hans Peter Slente, DI Energi

Vicepræsident Claus Møller, Siemens A/S

Sekretær Niels Michael Petersen, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet


c/o DTU, Bygning 775, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde. Telefon 4677 4612,

CVR 55 26 34 50